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Florence, capital of Italy’s Tuscany region, is home to many
masterpieces of Renaissance art and architecture. One of its
most iconic sights is the Duomo, a cathedral with a
terracotta-tiled dome engineered by Brunelleschi and a bell
tower by Giotto. The Galleria dell'Accademia displays
Michelangelo’s “David” sculpture. The Uffizi Gallery exhibits
Botticelli’s “The Birth of Venus” and da Vinci’s “Annunciation.”
The Uffizi Gallery is a prominent art museum located adjacent to
the Piazza della Signoria in the Historic Centre of Florence.
One of the most important Italian museums, and the most visited,
it is also one of the largest and best known in the world, and
holds a collection of priceless works, particularly from the
period of the Italian Renaissance.
The Cattedrale di Santa Maria del Fiore (in English "Cathedral
of Saint Mary of the Flower") is the main church of Florence,
Italy. Il Duomo di Firenze, as it is ordinarily called, was
begun in 1296 in the Gothic style with the design of Arnolfo di
Cambio and completed structurally in 1436 with the dome
engineered by Filippo Brunelleschi. The exterior of the basilica
is faced with polychrome marble panels in various shades of
green and pink bordered by white and has an elaborate
19th-century Gothic Revival façade by Emilio De Fabris. The
cathedral complex, located in Piazza del Duomo, includes the
Baptistery and Giotto's Campanile. These three buildings are
part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site covering the historic
centre of Florence and are a major attraction to tourists
visiting Tuscany. The basilica is one of Italy's largest
churches, and until development of new structural materials in
the modern era, the dome was the largest in the world. It
remains the largest brick dome ever constructed.
The Ponte Vecchio ("Old Bridge"), is a medieval stone
closed-spandrel segmental arch bridge over the Arno River, in
Florence, Italy, noted for still having shops built along it, as
was once common. Butchers initially occupied the shops; the
present tenants are jewelers, art dealers and souvenir sellers.
The Ponte Vecchio's two neighbouring bridges are the
Ponte Santa Trinita and the Ponte alle Grazie.
The Palazzo Vecchio ("Old Palace") is the town hall of Florence.
It overlooks the Piazza della Signoria with its copy of
Michelangelo's David statue as well as the gallery of statues in
the adjacent Loggia dei Lanzi. Originally called the Palazzo
della Signoria, after the Signoria of Florence, the ruling body
of the Republic of Florence, it was also given several other
names: Palazzo del Popolo, Palazzo dei Priori, and Palazzo
Ducale, in accordance with the varying use of the palace during
its long history. The building acquired its current name when
the Medici duke's residence was moved across the Arno to the
Piazza della Repubblica ("Republic Square") is a city square in
Florence. It is on the site, first of the city's forum and then
of the city's old ghetto, which was swept away during the city
improvement works or Risanamento initiated during the brief
period when Florence was the capital of a reunited Italy, work
that also created the city's avenues and boulevards. The ghetto
has disappeared from the square, and the Loggia del Pesce from
the Mercato Vecchio was moved to Piazza Ciompi. Among the square's
cafes, the Giubbe Rosse cafe has long been a meeting place for
famous artists and writers, notably those of Futurism.
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