Valdorcia - Province of Siena
The Val d’Orcia, or Valdorcia, is a region of Tuscany,
central Italy, which extends from the hills south of Siena to Monte Amiata.
Its gentle, cultivated hills are occasionally broken by gullies and by
picturesque towns and villages such as Pienza (rebuilt as an “ideal town” in
the 15th century under the patronage of Pope Pius II), Radicofani (home to
the notorious brigand-hero Ghino di Tacco) and Montalcino (the Brunello di
Montalcino is counted among the most prestigious of Italian wines).
Castiglione d'Orcia, San Quirico d'Orcia. Its landscape has been depicted in
works of art from Renaissance painting to modern photography.
Pienza, a town and comune in the province of Siena, in the
Val d'Orcia in Tuscany (central Italy), between the towns of Montepulciano
and Montalcino, is the "touchstone of Renaissance urbanism." In 1996, UNESCO
declared the town a World Heritage Site, and in 2004 the entire valley, the
Val d'Orcia, was included on the list of UNESCO's World Cultural Landscapes.
Montalcino is a hill town and comune in Tuscany, Italy. It
is famous for its Brunello di Montalcino wine. The town is located to the
west of Pienza, close to the Crete Senesi in Val d'Orcia. It is 42
kilometres (26 mi) from Siena, 110 kilometres (68 mi) from Florence and 150
kilometres (93 mi) from Pisa. The Monte Amiata is located nearby.
Radicofani is a comune in the Province of Siena in the
Italian region Tuscany, located in the natural park of Val D' Orcia about
110 kilometres southeast of Florence and about 60 kilometres southeast of
Siena. Radicofani borders the following municipalities: Abbadia San
Salvatore, Castiglione d'Orcia, Pienza, San Casciano dei Bagni, Sarteano.
San Quirico d'Orcia is a comune of about 2,500 inhabitants
in the Province of Siena in the Italian region Tuscany, located about 80
kilometres southeast of Florence and about 35 kilometres southeast of Siena
inside the Valdorcia landscape.
Castiglione d'Orcia is a comune in the Province of Siena in
the Italian region of Tuscany, located about 90 kilometres southeast of
Florence and about 40 kilometres southeast of Siena, in the Val d'Orcia, not
far from the Via Cassia.
The Val di Chiana, Valdichiana, or Chiana Valley is an
alluvial valley of central Italy, lying on the territories of the provinces
of Arezzo and Siena in Tuscany and the provinces of Perugia and Terni in
Montepulciano is a medieval hilltop town in Tuscany, Italy.
Surrounded by vineyards, it’s known for its vino nobile red wine. The Torre
di Pulcinella is a clock tower topped by a figure of the Pulcinella, a
commedia dell’arte character. On the Piazza Grande is the 14th-century
Palazzo Comunale, with a tower offering views of the surrounding countryside.
Also here is the Duomo, with a huge triptych above its altar.
Montepulciano is a major producer of food and drink. Renowned for its pork,
cheese, "pici" pasta, lentils, and honey, it is known worldwide for its
wine. Connoisseurs consider its Vino Nobile, which should not be confused
with varietal wine merely made from the Montepulciano grape, among Italy's
Vino Nobile di Montepulciano is a red wine with a
Denominazione di Origine Controllata e Garantita status produced in the
vineyards surrounding the town of Montepulciano, Italy. The wine is made
primarily from the Sangiovese grape varietal (known locally as Prugnolo
gentile) (minimum 70%), blended with Canaiolo Nero (10%–20%) and small
amounts of other local varieties such as Mammolo. The wine is aged for 2
years (at least 1 year in oak barrels); three years if it is a riserva. The
wine should not be confused with Montepulciano d'Abruzzo, a red wine made
from the Montepulciano grape in the Abruzzo region of east-central Italy.
Pici are thick, hand-rolled pasta, like fat spaghetti. It
originates in the province of Siena in Tuscany; in the Montalcino area it is
also referred to as pinci. The dough is typically made from flour and water
only. The addition of egg is optional, being determined by family traditions.
The dough is rolled out in a thick flat sheet, then cut into strips. In some
families, the strip of dough is rolled between one palm and the table, while
the other hand is wrapped with the rest of the strip. It can also be formed
by rolling the strip between the palms. Either method forms a thick pasta,
slightly thinner than a common pencil. Unlike spaghetti or macaroni, this
pasta is not uniform in size and has variations of thickness along its
The Chianina is an Italian breed of cattle, formerly
principally a draught breed, now raised mainly for beef. It is the largest
and one of the oldest cattle breeds in the world. The famous bistecca alla
fiorentina is produced from its meat.
The first definition of a wine-area called Chianti was made
in 1716. It described the area near the villages of Gaiole, Castellina and
Radda; the so-called Lega del Chianti and later Provincia del Chianti
(Chianti province). In 1932 the Chianti area was completely re-drawn and
divided in seven sub-areas: Classico, Colli Aretini, Colli Fiorentini,
Colline Pisane, Colli Senesi, Montalbano and Rùfina. Most of the villages
that in 1932 were suddenly included in the new Chianti Classico area added
in Chianti to their name-such as Greve in Chianti which amended its name in
Wines labelled "Chianti Classico" come from the biggest
sub-area of Chianti, that includes the original Chianti heartland. Only
Chianti from this sub-zone may boast the black rooster seal (known in
Italian as a gallo nero) on the neck of the bottle, which indicates that the
producer of the wine is a member of the Chianti Classico Consortium, the
local association of producers. Other variants, with the exception of Rufina
from the north-east side of Florence and Montalbano in the south of Pistoia,
originate in the respective named provinces: Siena for the Colli Senesi,
Florence for the Colli Fiorentini, Arezzo for the Colli Aretini and Pisa for
the Colline Pisane. In 1996 part of the Colli Fiorentini sub-area was
Gaiole in Chianti is a comune (municipality) in the
Province of Siena in the Italian region Tuscany, located about 40 kilometres
(25 mi) southeast of Florence and about 15 kilometres (9 mi) northeast of
Siena. Forbes named it number one in its list of "Europe's Most Idyllic
Places To Live." Each year in March, a professional bicycle race is held,
known as Strade Bianche in reference to the white gravel roads of the Sienna
region. In October there is a public event, using many of the same roads,
for vintage bicycle enthusiasts known as L'Eroica. This starts and finishes
in Gaiole including a full week of festivities.
Castellina in Chianti is a comune in the province of Siena,
in the Italian region Tuscany, located about 35 kilometres south of Florence
and about 15 kilometres northwest of Siena. The territory of Castellina in
Chianti borders the following municipalities: Barberino Val d'Elsa,
Castelnuovo Berardenga, Greve in Chianti, Monteriggioni, Poggibonsi, Radda
in Chianti, Tavarnelle Val di Pesa.
Radda in Chianti is a comune in the Province of Siena in
the Italian region Tuscany, located about 35 kilometres southeast of
Florence and about 15 km north of Siena.
During the 1970s producers started to reduce the quantity of white grapes in
Chianti. In 1995 it became legal to produce a Chianti with 100%
Sangiovese. For a wine to retain the name of Chianti, it must be
produced with at least 80% Sangiovese grapes. Aged Chianti (38 months
instead of 4–7), may be labelled as Riserva. Chianti that meets more
stringent requirements (lower yield, higher alcohol content and dry extract)
may be labelled as Chianti Superiore, although Chianti from the "Classico"
sub-area is not allowed in any event to be labelled as "Superiore".
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