Piazza del Campo: Square popular for public celebrations (Palio
of Siena). Piazza del Campo is the principal public space of the
historic center of Siena, Tuscany, Italy and is regarded as one
of Europe's greatest medieval squares. It is renowned worldwide
for its beauty and architectural integrity. The Palazzo Pubblico
and its Torre del Mangia, as well as various palazzi signorili
surround the shell-shaped piazza. At the northwest edge is the
Siena Cathedral: Romanesque-Gothic cathedral with mosaics. The
cathedral itself was originally designed and completed between
1215 and 1263 on the site of an earlier structure. It has the
form of a Latin cross with a slightly projecting transept, a
dome and a bell tower. The dome rises from a hexagonal base with
supporting columns. The lantern atop the dome was added by Gian
Lorenzo Bernini. The nave is separated from the two aisles by
semicircular arches. The exterior and interior are constructed
of white and greenish-black marble in alternating stripes, with
addition of red marble on the façade. Black and white are the
symbolic colors of Siena, etiologically linked to black and
white horses of the legendary city's founders, Senius and
Palazzo Pubblico: Gothic style town hall building & tower. The
Palazzo Pubblico (town hall) is a palace in Siena, Tuscany,
central Italy. Construction began in 1297 and its original
purpose was to house the republican government, consisting of
the Podestà and Council of Nine. The outside of the structure is
an example of Italian medieval architecture with Gothic
influences. The lower story is stone; the upper crenelatted
stories are made of brick. The facade of the palace is curved
slightly inwards (concave) to reflect the outwards curve (convex)
of the Piazza del Campo, Siena's central square of which the
Palace is the focal point. The campanile or bell tower, Torre
del Mangia, was built between 1325 and 1344 with its crown
designed by the painter, Lippo Memmi. The tower was designed to
be taller than the tower in neighboring rival Florence; at the
time it was the tallest structure in Italy. It was fitted with a
mechanical clock during the mid-14th century. Its design has
been used as the basis for several other campaniles including
the Dock Tower in Grimsby, England constructed in 1852 and the
Joseph Chamberlain Memorial Clock Tower in the Edgbaston campus
of the University of Birmingham (completed in 1908).
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Torre del Mangia: Iconic landmark tower & medieval belfry. It is
located in the Piazza del Campo, Siena's premier square,
adjacent to the Palazzo Pubblico (Town Hall).
Basilica of San Domenico: St Catherine's relics in 1200s
Palazzo Salimbeni: Historic palace with a grand square.
Museo dell'Opera del Duomo: Duomo museum with religious
Pinacoteca Nazionale: Art gallery housing Sienese masterpieces.
Basilica of San Francesco: Gothic church with a spare interior.
Santa Maria dei Servi: Romanesque style church Gothic art.
San Martino: is a Roman Catholic church
Fonte Gaia: Historic fountain with reliefs & statues
Fortezza Medicea: Historic setting with trails & views
Siena Baptistery of San Giovanni: Cathedral building with
frescoes & font
Biblioteca Piccolomini: Duomo library with Pinturicchio frescoes
Loggia del Papa Siena.
Orto Botanico of University of Siena.
Santa Caterina: Sanctuary at St.Catherine's birthplace
Piazza Salimbeni: Palace and monument
Palazzo Sansedoni: Palace, history, and architecture
Palazzo del Capitano del Popolo: Art museum, palace, and art
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